45th Research Workshop (Online)

45th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 17 July 2021 at 15.00-17.00 (Members Only)
If you want to join this research workshop, please ask DHWJ.

[Presentation 1]

Akira Azuma
Title: The Referential Use of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Mayan Revival Architecture in Blade Runner (1982)
Abstract: Although set in the future, Ridley Scott’s 1982 film Blade Runner is noted for the use of various past styles for its cinematic elements such as plot, costumes and props (most notably the photos “Replicants” carry), and their sources have been discovered by scholars. When it comes to the film’s set, however, these scholars have stopped at just pointing out that past architectural styles are used, and fell short of identifying exactly what past architectural styles are used. This presentation reveals that the most prominent of the past architectural styles used for the film’s set (and models) is Mayan Revival, especially as practiced by Frank Lloyd Wright during his California days, and investigates why this particular style is used extensively in the film.

[Presentation 2]
Kahlua Tsunoda
Title: The Photographic Expression of the Futurist Theorist A. G. Bragaria: Rethinking Photodynamism through Dante’s “Divine Art”
Abstract: Anton Giulio Bragaglia, an Italian futurist artist, invented a new experimental photography called photodynamism (1911-1914) in order to reshape the photographic art of his time. Since these images closely resembled the scientific photography of the same age, Bragaglia sought to justify his works as artistic expressions. This study focuses on his mention of Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Art” in his discussion of art theory in the book Futurist Photodynamism and proposes that Bragaglia intended that his photographic experiment should portray the invisible internal movement of the mind through the visible external movement of the body. This study thus shows that Bragaglia may have intended to support the artistic legitimacy of photodynamism in an unconventional way by presenting this humanistic view.

44th Research Workshop (Online)

44th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 20 March 2021 at 15.00-17.00 (Members Only)
If you want to join this research workshop, please ask DHWJ.

[Presentation]

Shiho Hasegawa

Title: Planning and Randomness: Consideration of Bio-media Works

Abstract:
In this study, I focus on the uniqueness of expression in bio-media works generated by the distance between “planning the elements” and “straying from the plan”. Some of the bioart/design works include designing the environment to live for living elements (bio-media) such as an animal, insect, fungus or tissue culture, as a part of the work. As a starting point for my research, this presentation will examine the nature of “plan” as a basis for (the possibility of) temporal and spatial expansion in bioart/design, considering Germ Painting from the beginning of the 20th century, Jakob von Uexküll’s theory of the “Umwelt”, and the methods of contemporary artists/designers.

43th Research Workshop (Online)

43th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 12 December 2020 at 15.00-17.00 (Members Only)
If you want to join this research workshop, please ask DHWJ.

[Presentation 1]

Dr. Qian Gao

Professor, Design College, Yunnan Arts University, China
Visiting Researcher, National Museum of Ethnology, Japan

Title: The re-emergence process of Chinese Dongba character in Japan as design resource

Abstract:
The Naxi Dongba religion’s hieroglyphs, which disappeared from Chinese culture, due to religious policies after the founding of China, were developed into souvenirs and cultural artefacts in Lijiang, in the Yunnan Province of china during the 1980s and especially after the expansion of tourism in the latter half of the 1990s. The re-emergence has been treated as an object of research and cultural reconstruction and is due to a variety of factors, including work by researchers but also due to the interest of the media and tourists. Interest in the characters crossed country borders to Japan. Especially post 2003, when scriptures with the Dongba characters began to be regarded as a “Memory of the World”. The activities of various media and designers continued to create an increase in interest in the “Dongba characters” and this continues to the present day, as an important facet of “Youth culture” in Japan.

[Presentation 2]
Chie Suzuki

Title: The Boundaries of “Inclusive Design” in Postwar Britain 1960-1994: A Social and
Cultural History of Disability, Postwar Modernity and Everyday Life

Abstract:
In postwar societies, “inclusive design” was implemented through legislation and social demands and it was normalized as a universal value, reflecting the emergence of welfare state, disability right activism and major shifts in social values. This paper attempts to address the politics of inclusion and marginalization within the context of design history of disability in postwar Britain, using primary sources from Design Council archive, Disabled Living Foundation (DLF), Mass Observation archive etc. It became increasingly apparent that “inclusion” had had its boundaries that separated professional world from domesticity.

42th Research Workshop (Online)

42th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 11 July 2020 at 15.00-17.00

[Presentation 1]  
Presenter:Chie Suzuki(University of Brighton)
Title:
Implementing ‘British Welfare State’ through ‘Science of Design’: L. Bruce Archer, Design Methods and King’s Fund Project in 1960s

Synopsis:
After NHS was established in 1948 and the British welfare state had started seeking innovations in medical sphere in 1950s. Their goal was to pursuit efficiency in cost and labor, responding to concerns from then ministry of health, Enoch Powell. The idea of mass-producing and implementing cost-effective standardized products into hospitals attracted the government. Especially, in the early 1960s, the acute shortage of labor force in nursing sector was also a serious issue. Therefore, the demand for redesigning preexisting heavy beds was urgent. The new beds expected to be light and mobile, so that nurses’ physical workload could be reduced, and they were able to work in a smaller group when moving beds.
The King’s Fund is an independent think tank in London. After the establishment of NHS, the fund became a think tank and started to get involved with broader range of welfare issues in England; such as hospital organization, training and design innovations. In the early 1960s, they were planning on establishing a center for hospital organization and improvement. Simultaneously, Professor Misha Black, the head of the School of Industrial Design (Engineering) Research Unit at Royal College of Arts at the time, appointed an industrial designer Bruce Archer to lead a project team that focused on hospital equipment. Professor Misha Black approached the King’s Fund, and they started to work conjunctly with each other on innovation hospital beds from 1963 to 1967, funded by Nuffield foundation. After this four-year project, the new hospital bed, known as “King’s Fund Bed,” was invented and it became the British standard model. This paper examines the design history of this “King’s Fund Bed Project,” and interrogates its approach and asks how ‘welfare state’ was implemented through ‘rational’ design methods.

[Presentation 2]  
Presenter:野間恵佳(Saitama University)
Title:
拡散するアメリカ文化とイデオロギー
第二次世界大戦中のプロパガンダ・アニメーション:ディズニーと「アメリカナイズ」
概要:本研究では、第1章で第二次世界大戦中にディズニーによって製作されたプロパガンダ・アニメーションを分析し、作品を見た民衆の行動やその後の世界的な出来事との関係性を考える。第2章では、前章で分析したディズニーの作品群から、プロパガンダの作用と芸術との関係性について考察を行い、筆者の考えるプロパガンダの芸術性について述べる。最後に、第3章では、商業的な分野においてプロパガンダ的な作用をしたディズニーランドに対象を変え、世界的に波及するアメリカ文化とその背後にあるイデオロギーについて考察していく。

About Coronavirus Disease
新型コロナウィルスの影響により、第42回研究発表会はオンライン開催とさせていただきます。
会員の方にはメーリングリストで参加要項をお送りいたします。

42th Research Workshop

42th Research Workshop
Date: 8 March 2020 at 14.00-16.00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

[Presentation 1]※  
Presenter:Chie Suzuki(University of Brighton)
Title:
Implementing ‘British Welfare State’ through ‘Rational’ Design: L. Bruce Archer, Design Methods and King’s Fund Project in 1960s

Synopsis:
After NHS was established in 1948 and the British welfare state had started seeking innovations in medical sphere in 1950s. Their goal was to pursuit efficiency in cost and labor, responding to concerns from then ministry of health, Enoch Powell. The idea of mass-producing and implementing cost-effective standardized products into hospitals attracted the government. Especially, in the early 1960s, the acute shortage of labor force in nursing sector was also a serious issue. Therefore, the demand for redesigning preexisting heavy beds was urgent. The new beds expected to be light and mobile, so that nurses’ physical workload could be reduced, and they were able to work in a smaller group when moving beds.
The King’s Fund is an independent think tank in London. After the establishment of NHS, the fund became a think tank and started to get involved with broader range of welfare issues in England; such as hospital organization, training and design innovations. In the early 1960s, they were planning on establishing a center for hospital organization and improvement. Simultaneously, Professor Misha Black, the head of the School of Industrial Design (Engineering) Research Unit at Royal College of Arts at the time, appointed an industrial designer Bruce Archer to lead a project team that focused on hospital equipment. Professor Misha Black approached the King’s Fund, and they started to work conjunctly with each other on innovation hospital beds from 1963 to 1967, funded by Nuffield foundation. After this four-year project, the new hospital bed, known as “King’s Fund Bed,” was invented and it became the British standard model. This paper examines the design history of this “King’s Fund Bed Project,” and interrogates its approach and asks how ‘welfare state’ was implemented through ‘rational’ design methods.
※新型コロナウィルスの影響により本発表は辞退されることとなりました。

[Presentation 2]  
Presenter:野間恵佳(Saitama University)
Title:
拡散するアメリカ文化とイデオロギー
第二次世界大戦中のプロパガンダ・アニメーション:ディズニーと「アメリカナイズ」
概要:本研究では、第1章で第二次世界大戦中にディズニーによって製作されたプロパガンダ・アニメーションを分析し、作品を見た民衆の行動やその後の世界的な出来事との関係性を考える。第2章では、前章で分析したディズニーの作品群から、プロパガンダの作用と芸術との関係性について考察を行い、筆者の考えるプロパガンダの芸術性について述べる。最後に、第3章では、商業的な分野においてプロパガンダ的な作用をしたディズニーランドに対象を変え、世界的に波及するアメリカ文化とその背後にあるイデオロギーについて考察していく。

About Coronavirus Disease
新型コロナウィルスの感染が拡大しておりますので、当日、熱や咳、倦怠感のある方は、ご参加をご遠慮ください。また、マスクの着用などを奨励いたします。

40th Research Workshop

Date: 3 August 2019 at 14.00~16.00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

Presentation 1
“Futurism and Modern Photography ——A study on Fotodinamismo Futurista by Anton Giulio Bragaglia——”
Karua Tsunoda(Keio University)

Presentation 2
“Transformation of Japanese Book Design, in Relation to Printing and Binding Techniques
From the 1860s to the 1930s”
Ritsuko Endo

Presentation 3
“The Generation Process of Ethnic Art of Naxi People’s ‘Dongba Wood Carving’ in Lijiang of China ——Anthropology of Design History and Art History”
高茜(国立民族学博物館)

39th Research Workshop

第39回研究例会のお知らせ

日時:2019年5月26日(日)13:30~16:00
場所:東京国立近代美術館工芸館
(地下鉄東西線竹橋駅より徒歩8分)

〇展覧会見学(1) 13:30~14:30
「デザインの(居)場所展」(工芸館)
※本案内をプリントアウトし「工芸館」受付でご提示下さい。
観覧券をお渡ししますので、各自で自由見学をしてください。

〇研究発表 14:30~15:30
 場所:工芸館1階会議室
 野見山桜(東京国立近代美術館客員研究員、本展企画者)
 「デザインの(居)場所展を読む」 

〇研究会の連絡 15:30~

〇展覧会見学(2) 16:00~17:00
「イメージコレクター・杉浦非水展」(本館2階ギャラリー4)

〇懇親会 17:30~(竹橋・神保町周辺 当日案内)

本研究例会に関する連絡先
担当幹事: 朝倉三枝
メール(事務局):designhistoryworkshopjapan@hotmail.com

38th Research Workshop

Date: 16 December 2018 at 14.00~17.00
Place: #SA504, Sendagaya Campus, Tsuda University
www.tsuda.ac.jp/en/access.html

Presentation 1
Norihiko Arakawa (Gakushuin University)
“Design of Japanese Export Christmas Light Bulb”

Presentation 2
Jiyeon Koo (Seoul National University)
“Changes in Apartment Lettering in Korea from 1966 to 2017”

Presentation 3
Sonoko Monden (Ochanomizu University)
“Yokohama export scarf industry and its value of design”

Presentation 4
Yurie Nakane (Tsuda University)
“Imaging Death through a New Technology:
Victorian Photograpy and Representation of Death”

37th Research Workshop

Date: 17 March 2018 at 14.00~17.00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

Presentation 1
Textile Designs of Foujita Tsuguharu: Collaboration with Maison Lesur in the late 1920’s
Mie Asakura (Ferris University)

Presentation 2
Romanticism in Japanese Studies
Yuki Shimizu (Tsuda University)