42th Research Workshop (Online)

42th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 11 July 2020 at 15.00-17.00

[Presentation 1]  
Presenter:Chie Suzuki(University of Brighton)
Title:
Implementing ‘British Welfare State’ through ‘Science of Design’: L. Bruce Archer, Design Methods and King’s Fund Project in 1960s

Synopsis:
After NHS was established in 1948 and the British welfare state had started seeking innovations in medical sphere in 1950s. Their goal was to pursuit efficiency in cost and labor, responding to concerns from then ministry of health, Enoch Powell. The idea of mass-producing and implementing cost-effective standardized products into hospitals attracted the government. Especially, in the early 1960s, the acute shortage of labor force in nursing sector was also a serious issue. Therefore, the demand for redesigning preexisting heavy beds was urgent. The new beds expected to be light and mobile, so that nurses’ physical workload could be reduced, and they were able to work in a smaller group when moving beds.
The King’s Fund is an independent think tank in London. After the establishment of NHS, the fund became a think tank and started to get involved with broader range of welfare issues in England; such as hospital organization, training and design innovations. In the early 1960s, they were planning on establishing a center for hospital organization and improvement. Simultaneously, Professor Misha Black, the head of the School of Industrial Design (Engineering) Research Unit at Royal College of Arts at the time, appointed an industrial designer Bruce Archer to lead a project team that focused on hospital equipment. Professor Misha Black approached the King’s Fund, and they started to work conjunctly with each other on innovation hospital beds from 1963 to 1967, funded by Nuffield foundation. After this four-year project, the new hospital bed, known as “King’s Fund Bed,” was invented and it became the British standard model. This paper examines the design history of this “King’s Fund Bed Project,” and interrogates its approach and asks how ‘welfare state’ was implemented through ‘rational’ design methods.

[Presentation 2]  
Presenter:野間恵佳(Saitama University)
Title:
拡散するアメリカ文化とイデオロギー
第二次世界大戦中のプロパガンダ・アニメーション:ディズニーと「アメリカナイズ」
概要:本研究では、第1章で第二次世界大戦中にディズニーによって製作されたプロパガンダ・アニメーションを分析し、作品を見た民衆の行動やその後の世界的な出来事との関係性を考える。第2章では、前章で分析したディズニーの作品群から、プロパガンダの作用と芸術との関係性について考察を行い、筆者の考えるプロパガンダの芸術性について述べる。最後に、第3章では、商業的な分野においてプロパガンダ的な作用をしたディズニーランドに対象を変え、世界的に波及するアメリカ文化とその背後にあるイデオロギーについて考察していく。

About Coronavirus Disease
新型コロナウィルスの影響により、第42回研究発表会はオンライン開催とさせていただきます。
会員の方にはメーリングリストで参加要項をお送りいたします。

42th Research Workshop

42th Research Workshop
Date: 8 March 2020 at 14.00-16.00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

[Presentation 1]※  
Presenter:Chie Suzuki(University of Brighton)
Title:
Implementing ‘British Welfare State’ through ‘Rational’ Design: L. Bruce Archer, Design Methods and King’s Fund Project in 1960s

Synopsis:
After NHS was established in 1948 and the British welfare state had started seeking innovations in medical sphere in 1950s. Their goal was to pursuit efficiency in cost and labor, responding to concerns from then ministry of health, Enoch Powell. The idea of mass-producing and implementing cost-effective standardized products into hospitals attracted the government. Especially, in the early 1960s, the acute shortage of labor force in nursing sector was also a serious issue. Therefore, the demand for redesigning preexisting heavy beds was urgent. The new beds expected to be light and mobile, so that nurses’ physical workload could be reduced, and they were able to work in a smaller group when moving beds.
The King’s Fund is an independent think tank in London. After the establishment of NHS, the fund became a think tank and started to get involved with broader range of welfare issues in England; such as hospital organization, training and design innovations. In the early 1960s, they were planning on establishing a center for hospital organization and improvement. Simultaneously, Professor Misha Black, the head of the School of Industrial Design (Engineering) Research Unit at Royal College of Arts at the time, appointed an industrial designer Bruce Archer to lead a project team that focused on hospital equipment. Professor Misha Black approached the King’s Fund, and they started to work conjunctly with each other on innovation hospital beds from 1963 to 1967, funded by Nuffield foundation. After this four-year project, the new hospital bed, known as “King’s Fund Bed,” was invented and it became the British standard model. This paper examines the design history of this “King’s Fund Bed Project,” and interrogates its approach and asks how ‘welfare state’ was implemented through ‘rational’ design methods.
※新型コロナウィルスの影響により本発表は辞退されることとなりました。

[Presentation 2]  
Presenter:野間恵佳(Saitama University)
Title:
拡散するアメリカ文化とイデオロギー
第二次世界大戦中のプロパガンダ・アニメーション:ディズニーと「アメリカナイズ」
概要:本研究では、第1章で第二次世界大戦中にディズニーによって製作されたプロパガンダ・アニメーションを分析し、作品を見た民衆の行動やその後の世界的な出来事との関係性を考える。第2章では、前章で分析したディズニーの作品群から、プロパガンダの作用と芸術との関係性について考察を行い、筆者の考えるプロパガンダの芸術性について述べる。最後に、第3章では、商業的な分野においてプロパガンダ的な作用をしたディズニーランドに対象を変え、世界的に波及するアメリカ文化とその背後にあるイデオロギーについて考察していく。

About Coronavirus Disease
新型コロナウィルスの感染が拡大しておりますので、当日、熱や咳、倦怠感のある方は、ご参加をご遠慮ください。また、マスクの着用などを奨励いたします。

40th Research Workshop

Date: 3 August 2019 at 14.00~16.00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

Presentation 1
“Futurism and Modern Photography ——A study on Fotodinamismo Futurista by Anton Giulio Bragaglia——”
Karua Tsunoda(Keio University)

Presentation 2
“Transformation of Japanese Book Design, in Relation to Printing and Binding Techniques
From the 1860s to the 1930s”
Ritsuko Endo

Presentation 3
“The Generation Process of Ethnic Art of Naxi People’s ‘Dongba Wood Carving’ in Lijiang of China ——Anthropology of Design History and Art History”
高茜(国立民族学博物館)

39th Research Workshop

第39回研究例会のお知らせ

日時:2019年5月26日(日)13:30~16:00
場所:東京国立近代美術館工芸館
(地下鉄東西線竹橋駅より徒歩8分)

〇展覧会見学(1) 13:30~14:30
「デザインの(居)場所展」(工芸館)
※本案内をプリントアウトし「工芸館」受付でご提示下さい。
観覧券をお渡ししますので、各自で自由見学をしてください。

〇研究発表 14:30~15:30
 場所:工芸館1階会議室
 野見山桜(東京国立近代美術館客員研究員、本展企画者)
 「デザインの(居)場所展を読む」 

〇研究会の連絡 15:30~

〇展覧会見学(2) 16:00~17:00
「イメージコレクター・杉浦非水展」(本館2階ギャラリー4)

〇懇親会 17:30~(竹橋・神保町周辺 当日案内)

本研究例会に関する連絡先
担当幹事: 朝倉三枝
メール(事務局):designhistoryworkshopjapan@hotmail.com

38th Research Workshop

Date: 16 December 2018 at 14.00~17.00
Place: #SA504, Sendagaya Campus, Tsuda University
www.tsuda.ac.jp/en/access.html

Presentation 1
Norihiko Arakawa (Gakushuin University)
“Design of Japanese Export Christmas Light Bulb”

Presentation 2
Jiyeon Koo (Seoul National University)
“Changes in Apartment Lettering in Korea from 1966 to 2017”

Presentation 3
Sonoko Monden (Ochanomizu University)
“Yokohama export scarf industry and its value of design”

Presentation 4
Yurie Nakane (Tsuda University)
“Imaging Death through a New Technology:
Victorian Photograpy and Representation of Death”

37th Research Workshop

Date: 17 March 2018 at 14.00~17.00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

Presentation 1
Textile Designs of Foujita Tsuguharu: Collaboration with Maison Lesur in the late 1920’s
Mie Asakura (Ferris University)

Presentation 2
Romanticism in Japanese Studies
Yuki Shimizu (Tsuda University)

36th Research Workshop

Date: 10 December 2017, at 15.00-17:00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

Presentation 1
SooJin Lee (Seoul National University)
The Study on Cultural Images in Women’s apparel of TV Advertisements in 1970s
 
Presentation 2
Tomoko Kakuyama(Dokkyo University)
Erika Giovanna Klien’s *Klessheimer Ambassador*: Women and Design in
Interwar Austria
 

35th Research Workshop

Date: 17 March 2017, at 15.30-17:30
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

Presentation 1
Mihye Kim
‘The Identity of Korean Traditional Image in Calendar in 1960-70s’
 
Presentation 2
Yuki Shimizu (Tsuda College)
‘The Formulation of Intellectual Hubs over Photography: Japan Photographic Society and Kazumasa Ogawa’
 

34th Research Workshop

Date: 3 December 2016, at 14.00-16:00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

Presentation 1
Nakane Yurie (Tsuda University)
Phantasmagoria: Science and Superstition in the Victorian Ghostly
Entertainment

Presentation 2
Kida Takuya (The National Museum of Modern Art Tokyo, Craft Gallary)
Looking for Design Resources in East Asia: Travelling Japanese Potters
in the 1920s