48th Research Workshop

●第48回研究発表会のおしらせ

デザイン史学研究会の皆様
第48回研究発表会を下記日程で、開催致します。

◎日時:2022年5月21日(土) 14:00-16:30
◎会場:津田塾大学 千駄ヶ谷キャンパス 3階SA313
◎アクセス:www.tsuda.ac.jp/access.html
◎住所:〒151-0051 東京都渋谷区千駄ヶ谷1-18-24
 (最寄駅:JR総武線・中央線 千駄ケ谷駅)
※当日はハイブリッド開催を予定しております。

※当日、会場にいらっしゃる予定の方は下記のフォームから事前申込が必要となります。
5月15日(日)までにお申込をお願い致します。
会場定員は最大30名とさせていただきます(先着順)
(オンラインで参加予定の方はお申込不要となります。)

【参加申込フォーム】
forms.gle/fF9tXp1HnXmjL1tR7

【研究発表1 Presentation1】
新留璃子 Niidome Riko

【発表題目 Title】
「恩物」を通して見る20世紀前半の芸術表現 ―日本におけるフレーベル思想の
受容と文化への影響を中心としてー

【概要 Abstract】
19世紀のドイツの教育者フリードリヒ・フレーベルは、子どもの創造的活動を支援する
ために球や積木などの幾何学的な形状の遊具「恩物(独:Gabe,英:Gift)」を生み出した。フレ
ーベルは幼児教育の基礎を築いた点で大きな功績を残したが、その思想が芸術家たちの表
現にどのような影響を与えたか考慮されることは少ない。本発表は、フレーベルの教育思
想と恩物が20世紀前半の日本の文化・芸術に与えた影響について検討する。20世紀前半の
美術と教育の動向を交差的に見つめ直し、特に恩地孝四郎の版画表現や『赤い鳥』『コド
モノクニ』といった児童雑誌の発展に寄与したフレーベルの影響力を考察する。

【研究発表2 Presentation2】
滝野澤風花 Fuka Takinosawa

【発表題目 Title】
工芸分野における鑑賞・評価軸の構築-オールオーヴァー概念を用いた工芸領域の拡大-
Building criteria for evaluation of contemporary crafts: expanding the field
of “craft” by applying the idea of “all-over”

【概要 Abstract】
これまで現代工芸論は、明治期に形成された工芸の定義が現代に持ち越され今もなお曖昧
な状態であることに焦点を当ててきた。本研究は工芸領域と他領域(絵画領域)を横断的に
概観し、これまで無関係だと考えられてきた要素と工芸の結びつきを軸に、多様化した現代
の工芸に合わせてその領域を拡大していくことを提案するものである。本発表ではその探
求の方法論として絵画領域で用いられてきた概念である「オールオーヴァー」を工芸分野に
適用させる試みとこれまでの成果、今後の展望について発表する。

オンラインでの開催となりますので、一部のみのご参加も歓迎しております。
皆様ふるってご応募、ご参加ください。

47th Research Workshop (Online)

デザイン史学研究会の皆様
第47回研究発表会を下記日程、Zoomミーティングにてオンライン開催致します。

◎日時:2021年3月5日(土) 15:00-17:00
◎会場:オンライン開催(Zoom)
◎アクセス:会員の皆様へニュースレターにてお知らせいたします

研究発表1 Presentation1
野間 恵佳 Noma Ayaka

発表題目 Title
現代中国アニメーションにおけるオリエンタルな表象:アメリカナイズされる中国アニメ
ーション
Oriental Representations in Contemporary Chinese Animation: Chinese Animation being
Americanized

【概要】
改革開放後の中国において、日本やアメリカのアニメーションが数多く輸入され、両国のアニメ番組が人気を博した。2000年代以降は国内アニメーション産業に注力したことか
ら大きく発展し、現在の米中共同製作につながっている。
本発表では現代中国アニメーションに注目し、米中の3DCGアニメーションを中心に米中共同製作におけるレプリゼンテーションの現状と現代中国アニメーションの抱えるオリ
エンタリズム的な表象について考察を行う。加えて、アメリカ的な製作工程を輸入したことによるイメージの固定化、さらにそれが強調されることによって一種の様式が出現して
いる状況について分析し、米中のアニメーション作品の関係性を浮き彫りにする。

研究発表2 Presentation2
森 麗華   Mori Reika

発表題目 Title
19世紀末ウィーンにおける反ユダヤ主義と退廃芸術論
Anti-Semitism and Degenerate Art Theory in Fin-de-siècle Vienna

概要 Abstract
19世紀末ウィーンにおけるモダン・アート批判は、保守主義者による反ユダヤ主義思想と
いう政治的様相を帯びていたと説明されるのが通例である。マックス・ノルダウにより
1898年に著された『退廃論』、カール・クラウスの評論雑誌『Die Fackel(炬火)』のクリ
ムトのウィーン大学講堂画批判を中心に、当時の反ユダヤ主義思想と世紀末諸運動の持つ
「頽廃性」がどのように結びつけられていたかを概観する。1900年前後での退廃芸術論を
整理し、のちのナチス・ドイツによる「退廃性」の恣意的な誤読・誤用の可能性について
提示する。

オンラインでの開催となりますので、一部のみのご参加も歓迎しております。
皆様ふるってご応募、ご参加ください。

46th Research Workshop (Online)

46th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 27 November 2021 at 15.00-17.00 (Members Only)
If you want to join this research workshop, please ask DHWJ.

[Presentation ]

Yukiko TEJIMA
Title: Representation of Working Women: Focusing on Colors and Clothing Items in the US Magazine Charm in the 1950s

45th Research Workshop (Online)

45th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 17 July 2021 at 15.00-17.00 (Members Only)
If you want to join this research workshop, please ask DHWJ.

[Presentation 1]

Akira Azuma
Title: The Referential Use of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Mayan Revival Architecture in Blade Runner (1982)
Abstract: Although set in the future, Ridley Scott’s 1982 film Blade Runner is noted for the use of various past styles for its cinematic elements such as plot, costumes and props (most notably the photos “Replicants” carry), and their sources have been discovered by scholars. When it comes to the film’s set, however, these scholars have stopped at just pointing out that past architectural styles are used, and fell short of identifying exactly what past architectural styles are used. This presentation reveals that the most prominent of the past architectural styles used for the film’s set (and models) is Mayan Revival, especially as practiced by Frank Lloyd Wright during his California days, and investigates why this particular style is used extensively in the film.

[Presentation 2]
Kahlua Tsunoda
Title: The Photographic Expression of the Futurist Theorist A. G. Bragaria: Rethinking Photodynamism through Dante’s “Divine Art”
Abstract: Anton Giulio Bragaglia, an Italian futurist artist, invented a new experimental photography called photodynamism (1911-1914) in order to reshape the photographic art of his time. Since these images closely resembled the scientific photography of the same age, Bragaglia sought to justify his works as artistic expressions. This study focuses on his mention of Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Art” in his discussion of art theory in the book Futurist Photodynamism and proposes that Bragaglia intended that his photographic experiment should portray the invisible internal movement of the mind through the visible external movement of the body. This study thus shows that Bragaglia may have intended to support the artistic legitimacy of photodynamism in an unconventional way by presenting this humanistic view.

44th Research Workshop (Online)

44th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 20 March 2021 at 15.00-17.00 (Members Only)
If you want to join this research workshop, please ask DHWJ.

[Presentation]

Shiho Hasegawa

Title: Planning and Randomness: Consideration of Bio-media Works

Abstract:
In this study, I focus on the uniqueness of expression in bio-media works generated by the distance between “planning the elements” and “straying from the plan”. Some of the bioart/design works include designing the environment to live for living elements (bio-media) such as an animal, insect, fungus or tissue culture, as a part of the work. As a starting point for my research, this presentation will examine the nature of “plan” as a basis for (the possibility of) temporal and spatial expansion in bioart/design, considering Germ Painting from the beginning of the 20th century, Jakob von Uexküll’s theory of the “Umwelt”, and the methods of contemporary artists/designers.

43th Research Workshop (Online)

43th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 12 December 2020 at 15.00-17.00 (Members Only)
If you want to join this research workshop, please ask DHWJ.

[Presentation 1]

Dr. Qian Gao

Professor, Design College, Yunnan Arts University, China
Visiting Researcher, National Museum of Ethnology, Japan

Title: The re-emergence process of Chinese Dongba character in Japan as design resource

Abstract:
The Naxi Dongba religion’s hieroglyphs, which disappeared from Chinese culture, due to religious policies after the founding of China, were developed into souvenirs and cultural artefacts in Lijiang, in the Yunnan Province of china during the 1980s and especially after the expansion of tourism in the latter half of the 1990s. The re-emergence has been treated as an object of research and cultural reconstruction and is due to a variety of factors, including work by researchers but also due to the interest of the media and tourists. Interest in the characters crossed country borders to Japan. Especially post 2003, when scriptures with the Dongba characters began to be regarded as a “Memory of the World”. The activities of various media and designers continued to create an increase in interest in the “Dongba characters” and this continues to the present day, as an important facet of “Youth culture” in Japan.

[Presentation 2]
Chie Suzuki

Title: The Boundaries of “Inclusive Design” in Postwar Britain 1960-1994: A Social and
Cultural History of Disability, Postwar Modernity and Everyday Life

Abstract:
In postwar societies, “inclusive design” was implemented through legislation and social demands and it was normalized as a universal value, reflecting the emergence of welfare state, disability right activism and major shifts in social values. This paper attempts to address the politics of inclusion and marginalization within the context of design history of disability in postwar Britain, using primary sources from Design Council archive, Disabled Living Foundation (DLF), Mass Observation archive etc. It became increasingly apparent that “inclusion” had had its boundaries that separated professional world from domesticity.

42th Research Workshop (Online)

42th Research Workshop (Online)
Date: 11 July 2020 at 15.00-17.00

[Presentation 1]  
Presenter:Chie Suzuki(University of Brighton)
Title:
Implementing ‘British Welfare State’ through ‘Science of Design’: L. Bruce Archer, Design Methods and King’s Fund Project in 1960s

Synopsis:
After NHS was established in 1948 and the British welfare state had started seeking innovations in medical sphere in 1950s. Their goal was to pursuit efficiency in cost and labor, responding to concerns from then ministry of health, Enoch Powell. The idea of mass-producing and implementing cost-effective standardized products into hospitals attracted the government. Especially, in the early 1960s, the acute shortage of labor force in nursing sector was also a serious issue. Therefore, the demand for redesigning preexisting heavy beds was urgent. The new beds expected to be light and mobile, so that nurses’ physical workload could be reduced, and they were able to work in a smaller group when moving beds.
The King’s Fund is an independent think tank in London. After the establishment of NHS, the fund became a think tank and started to get involved with broader range of welfare issues in England; such as hospital organization, training and design innovations. In the early 1960s, they were planning on establishing a center for hospital organization and improvement. Simultaneously, Professor Misha Black, the head of the School of Industrial Design (Engineering) Research Unit at Royal College of Arts at the time, appointed an industrial designer Bruce Archer to lead a project team that focused on hospital equipment. Professor Misha Black approached the King’s Fund, and they started to work conjunctly with each other on innovation hospital beds from 1963 to 1967, funded by Nuffield foundation. After this four-year project, the new hospital bed, known as “King’s Fund Bed,” was invented and it became the British standard model. This paper examines the design history of this “King’s Fund Bed Project,” and interrogates its approach and asks how ‘welfare state’ was implemented through ‘rational’ design methods.

[Presentation 2]  
Presenter:野間恵佳(Saitama University)
Title:
拡散するアメリカ文化とイデオロギー
第二次世界大戦中のプロパガンダ・アニメーション:ディズニーと「アメリカナイズ」
概要:本研究では、第1章で第二次世界大戦中にディズニーによって製作されたプロパガンダ・アニメーションを分析し、作品を見た民衆の行動やその後の世界的な出来事との関係性を考える。第2章では、前章で分析したディズニーの作品群から、プロパガンダの作用と芸術との関係性について考察を行い、筆者の考えるプロパガンダの芸術性について述べる。最後に、第3章では、商業的な分野においてプロパガンダ的な作用をしたディズニーランドに対象を変え、世界的に波及するアメリカ文化とその背後にあるイデオロギーについて考察していく。

About Coronavirus Disease
新型コロナウィルスの影響により、第42回研究発表会はオンライン開催とさせていただきます。
会員の方にはメーリングリストで参加要項をお送りいたします。

42th Research Workshop

42th Research Workshop
Date: 8 March 2020 at 14.00-16.00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

[Presentation 1]※  
Presenter:Chie Suzuki(University of Brighton)
Title:
Implementing ‘British Welfare State’ through ‘Rational’ Design: L. Bruce Archer, Design Methods and King’s Fund Project in 1960s

Synopsis:
After NHS was established in 1948 and the British welfare state had started seeking innovations in medical sphere in 1950s. Their goal was to pursuit efficiency in cost and labor, responding to concerns from then ministry of health, Enoch Powell. The idea of mass-producing and implementing cost-effective standardized products into hospitals attracted the government. Especially, in the early 1960s, the acute shortage of labor force in nursing sector was also a serious issue. Therefore, the demand for redesigning preexisting heavy beds was urgent. The new beds expected to be light and mobile, so that nurses’ physical workload could be reduced, and they were able to work in a smaller group when moving beds.
The King’s Fund is an independent think tank in London. After the establishment of NHS, the fund became a think tank and started to get involved with broader range of welfare issues in England; such as hospital organization, training and design innovations. In the early 1960s, they were planning on establishing a center for hospital organization and improvement. Simultaneously, Professor Misha Black, the head of the School of Industrial Design (Engineering) Research Unit at Royal College of Arts at the time, appointed an industrial designer Bruce Archer to lead a project team that focused on hospital equipment. Professor Misha Black approached the King’s Fund, and they started to work conjunctly with each other on innovation hospital beds from 1963 to 1967, funded by Nuffield foundation. After this four-year project, the new hospital bed, known as “King’s Fund Bed,” was invented and it became the British standard model. This paper examines the design history of this “King’s Fund Bed Project,” and interrogates its approach and asks how ‘welfare state’ was implemented through ‘rational’ design methods.
※新型コロナウィルスの影響により本発表は辞退されることとなりました。

[Presentation 2]  
Presenter:野間恵佳(Saitama University)
Title:
拡散するアメリカ文化とイデオロギー
第二次世界大戦中のプロパガンダ・アニメーション:ディズニーと「アメリカナイズ」
概要:本研究では、第1章で第二次世界大戦中にディズニーによって製作されたプロパガンダ・アニメーションを分析し、作品を見た民衆の行動やその後の世界的な出来事との関係性を考える。第2章では、前章で分析したディズニーの作品群から、プロパガンダの作用と芸術との関係性について考察を行い、筆者の考えるプロパガンダの芸術性について述べる。最後に、第3章では、商業的な分野においてプロパガンダ的な作用をしたディズニーランドに対象を変え、世界的に波及するアメリカ文化とその背後にあるイデオロギーについて考察していく。

About Coronavirus Disease
新型コロナウィルスの感染が拡大しておりますので、当日、熱や咳、倦怠感のある方は、ご参加をご遠慮ください。また、マスクの着用などを奨励いたします。

40th Research Workshop

Date: 3 August 2019 at 14.00~16.00
Place: #4104, Reitaku University Tokyo Research Center, Shinjuku i-Land Tower 4F
www.reitaku-u.ac.jp/about/access.html

Presentation 1
“Futurism and Modern Photography ——A study on Fotodinamismo Futurista by Anton Giulio Bragaglia——”
Karua Tsunoda(Keio University)

Presentation 2
“Transformation of Japanese Book Design, in Relation to Printing and Binding Techniques
From the 1860s to the 1930s”
Ritsuko Endo

Presentation 3
“The Generation Process of Ethnic Art of Naxi People’s ‘Dongba Wood Carving’ in Lijiang of China ——Anthropology of Design History and Art History”
高茜(国立民族学博物館)